Sri Lankan Christians are considered as one of the minority ethnic group in Sri Lanka with 7.4% (6.1% Roman Catholic and 1.3% other Christian). As per the 2012 census of government there are about 272,568 persons of Christian population in Sri Lanka follows the religion Christianity.
Who are Christians?
The Christians are the people who follow the Jesus Christ, who lived for over 2000 years. They follow the teachings of the Jesus.
Modern Sri Lankan Christians
In recent records the total Christian population, 6.1% (1,237,308 persons) are Roman Catholics which was introduced to Sri Lanka by Portuguese. Since then the Catholicism continue using the Portuguese surnames. However most of the citizens in Christian population of Sri Lanka are Roman Catholics. In present Sri Lanka there is a Roman Catholics Archbishop and 11 Roman Catholic Bishops such as Diocese of Anuradhapura, Badulla, Batticaloa, Jaffna, Kandy, Mannar and Trincomale etc…..
After the protégées it was the Dutch who ruled Sri Lanka so the Dutch missionaries spread the Protestantism. In modern Sri Lanka 1.3% (272,568 persons) are the Protestants. There are certain missionaries belong to the Protestants, the Ceylon Pentecostal Mission which has 16,500 church members and 70 churches. The Baptist World Alliance 2000 members, The Lanka Lutheran Church 1200 members and 1,200 members in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter – day.
Some other Methodist missionaries are Christian schools Wesley College and Methodist College. There are about 40,000 Methodists. The Methodist is spread in areas such as Katunayake, Negombo and Moratuwa. The Roman Catholics and other Christian are spread in Central, Western, Northcentral, Northwestern, Northern and Eastern Provinces. They are concentrated in areas such as Anuradhapura, Badulla, Chilaw, Galle, Kandy, Jaffna and Ratnapura.
Spreading of Christianity in Sri Lanka
It was the 16th century Christianity first came to Sri Lanka upon the arrival of the Portuguese. Under their rule Christianity was spread by constructing School for Sinhalese and Tamil peoples. This procedure of the Portuguese affected the natives. There were a large number of people converted to Christianity. Next the Dutch captured Sri Lanka and through the missionaries it was able to convert about 21% of the population to the religion Christianity in 1722.They also introduced the Protestian and reformed Church to pray.
In 1796 the ruling of Dutch was grabbed by the British, then Sri Lanka became the crown colony. By the 19th century missionaries of Anglican and Protestant arrived in the early ruling of British. Even so, the population of Christians (mostly the northwest of Sri Lanka) rose to 1,283,600, the 8% of Sri Lanka (88% of these are Roman Catholics and rest is Anglican and protestant).
In Sri Lanka Christian population is considered as the minority religion. This population includes both the Sinhala and Tamil groups. The most of the Christian in Sri Lanka are the Roman Catholics.