Sri Lanka Malaria

Malaria is a widely spreading disease which is caused by the infected mosquitoes that carries parasites called malaria with their saliva. The Mosquito which carries this micro organism is named as the Anopheles mosquito.

What are malaria parasites?

It is a microscopic organism named a Plasmodium that belongs to tiny groups of micro organisms called Protozoans. The microscopic organism Plasmodium can be categorized into four a Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium Ovale, Plasmodium Vivax, Plasmodium Malariae.

How the disease is spread in the body

The parasite plasmodium enters to the hosts of the bloodstream as it is bitten by the Anopheles mosquito .Then these germs transport to the liver then there it multiplies before return back to the bloodstream to infect the red blood cells. This parasite multiplies inside the red blood cells endlessly until blood cells burst out large amounts of free parasites into the blood plasma which may cause to high fever. All these reaction occurs within 48hours approximately after an anopheles mosquito bites.

Symptoms of Malaria

These symptoms are likely to be within the 10 days after infection. At times it may take even 8 days early or 1 year later it depends when the organisms invade the red blood cells. The symptoms are as follows fever, headache, shaking chills, tiredness and muscle aches. Vomiting, Nausea and Diarrhoea may also occur. Malaria sometimes may lead to anaemia and Jaundice (yellow coloring of eyes and skin) which may cause since the lack of red blood cells.

How to get rid of Malaria

The mosquitos’ bites any time in the day but the anopheles bites only in night so while you walk out in night wear a long sleeved dress that covers your body. Spraying of insecticides in room, wearing a mosquito net, Taking Anti-Malaria Tablets.

Summary

This malaria can be cured by the prescription of drugs. The type of the drug, how long drugs are continued and which micro organic malaria is diagnosed, where he/she was infected, age of the particular individual and finally when the treatment is started.