The Sri Lanka is well known for its Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage which is considered as the place of breeding for elephants, nursery and an orphanage. It was on 1984 the first baby elephant was born, there about 67 births since the beginning. The Pinnawala was opened with the aim of providing care and shelter. The orphanage was established by the Sri Lanka Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWC) by 1975.It is situated in Rambukkana road, Kegalle district.
History of the Elephant Orphanage
The Pinnawala Orphanage which was established on 1975 was built on a twenty five acre of coconut property near to Maha Oya River. It was opened with aim of achieving their main target which is to provide care and shelter to the most of the baby elephants found in the jungle who has lost their mothers. At the beginning the orphanage was at Wilpattu national Park then again there were frequent shifting of places to Bentota and then to Dehiwala Zoo. And finally it was shifted to the Pinnawala on 1975.The Pinnawala Orphanage is the biggest orphanage and well known to worldwide.
Some of the Daily Activities
In Pinnawala they try the best to follow the limited conditions as in Jungle wild life.
- The elephant are allowed to roam during day time freely.
- The small baby elephants are fed with milk and allowed them to roam.
- The elephants are walked to 400 meters to the river to have a 2 hour bath on every morning and afternoon.
There are about 48 mahouts (elephant handlers) for take care the elephants. The food give to the elephants are jackfruit, tamarind, grass, coconut and kithul (sugar) are given in larger quantities. The every individual are given about 76 KG of green food and 2kg of food such as rice bran and maize.
The orphanage conducts a captive breeding of some elephants. the first birth was on 1984.Its recorded that there are about twenty three births since 1984 -1991.Again there was a record on 1998 with fourteen births with 8 males and six males. Since then from 1998-2012 it was recorded around 84 births out of 12 of the elephants are given to the temple and private owners.
The Pinnawala was opened with the aim of providing care and shelter. The orphanage was established by the Sri Lanka Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWC) by 1975 which is located in the Sabaragamuwa province.