Sri Lankan Birds

Sri Lanka is a tropical island with about 65,000sq Kilometers, the magnificence of its bio-diversity is well exhibited by the utter awareness of avifauna. Currently it is recorded as there are about 439 species including 236 are being residents, 33 species which are endemic and around 203 are migratory species to Sri Lanka additionally 68 sub-species.

Birds of Sri Lanka

It is the wide range of attraction that has made Sri Lanka a serious-minded bird watcher’s paradise. This wide range of birds makes Sri Lanka a superior bird watching destination in the world. The Sinharaja Rain Forest has been recorded as which has almost all the endemic birds. Sri Lanka is a home to 07 proposed endemic species and 26 endemic bird species. Sri Lanka as considered as one of the Endemic Bird Areas in the world.

Bird Sanctuaries in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has virtually embedded with many bird sanctuaries namely Udawalawe National Park, Yala National Park, Sinharaja Rain Forest and Wilpattu National Park. Some of the other is Kumana, Bundala, Kalpitiya, Kalemetiya, Kitugala, Muthurajawela and Thalangama.

Yala National Park

It is located in southern part of Sri Lanka. Yala is a popular destination to watch the Leopards, Elephants, Sloth Bears, Crocodiles, and spotted Deer’s.

Udawalawe National Park

Udawalawe park is located, the boundary of Sabaragamuwa province and Uva province in the Island.

Sinharaja Rain Forest

Sinharaja is well known as a biodiversity hotspot and a National Park in Sri Lanka.

Wilpattu National Park

Wilpattu is located in the north part of Puttalam. It is the largest National park existing in Sri Lanka which is presently popularized as an Eco-Tourism Destination.

List of Endemic birds of Sri Lanka

There are Ceylon Jungle Fowl, Ceylon Spurfowl, Ceylon Wood Pigeon, Pompadour Green Pigeon, Ceylon Lorikeet, Layard’s Parakeet, Green Billed Coucal, Serendip Scops Owl, Ceylon Grey Hornbill, Chestnut- backed Owlet, Yellow-fronted Barbet, Ceylon Small Barbet, Crimson-backed Woodpecker, Ceylon Wood Shrike, Ceylon Swallow, Black-capped Bulbul, Yellow-eared Bulbul, Spotted-winged Thrush, Ceylon Scaly Thrush, Ceylon Whistling Thrush, Dusky-blue Flycatcher, Brown-capped, Ashy-headed-Laughing Thrush, Ceylon Scimitar Babbler, Rufous Babbler and Ceylon Warbler.


Sri Lanka is known as bird watcher’s paradise since of its wide variety of around 439 species. Sinharaja is one of the places considered as an international significance place and carefully designated as a Biosphere Reserve and as a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.